Kazakhstan Chamber of Commerce in the USA

KazCham



Dominican Republic Supports EXPO-2017 Bid 0

Posted on November 06, 2012 by KazCham

Kazakh Foreign Ministry, Oct 26, 2012

Kazakh delegation visits Santo Domingo

A delegation from Kazakhstan visited the Dominican Republic on October 19 as part of the program to advance Astana’s bid to host EXPO-2017.

National coordinator of the Astana EXPO-2017 bid and Executive Secretary of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Kazakhstan, Rapil Zhoshybayev, met in the capital, Santo Domingo, with the Secretary General of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Dominican Republic, Axel Wittkop, and Ambassador at Large, Rafael Melo. It was the first visit to the Dominican Republic by a Kazakhstani delegation at this level since diplomatic relations were established in July 2011.

A presentation on the Astana bid highlighted the proposed “Future Energy” theme, which is relevant to people around the world and reflects Kazakhstan’s many anti-nuclear and environmental initiatives aimed at resolving global issues in security, the environment and the search for new energy sources. Mr. Wittkop confirmed that the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Dominican Republic would send an official note of support for Kazakhstan’s bid.

The two sides went on to discuss developing bilateral cooperation through expanding agreements and the possible formation of an intergovernmental commission, as well as organizing a visit to Kazakhstan by Dominican officials and business representatives.

2017 will mark 166 years since the first International Exposition was held in London’s famous Crystal Palace, specially constructed to showcase the goods of many different countries. Today, in keeping with its traditions, the Expo of the 21st century continues to offer a unique and fascinating insight into the values and priorities of different nations and how they interact.

Astana has accumulated considerable experience in hosting major international events such as the OSCE Summit, the 7th Winter Asian Games and meetings of the World Islamic Economic Forum, the Organization of Islamic Cooperation, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, the CIS and other international organizations.

Kazakhstan would be the first post-Soviet state and the first Central Asian state to host an Expo. On 22 November 2012 delegates from the 160 member states of the International Exhibitions Bureau (BIE) will elect the host country for EXPO 2017.

Leadership in conflict resolution 0

Posted on December 25, 2011 by Alex

Kazakhstan’s stewardship of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) reinvigorated the search for peaceful solutions to frozen conflicts. The country is continuing its leadership role as chair of the body’s Forum for Security Cooperation, which will carry on its work on conflict resolution – particularly in former Soviet countries. By Nora FitzGerald

Kazakhstan has seen a banner year in foreign affairs after its successful chairmanship of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), the premier regional security organization on the Eurasian continent. The country was the first post-Soviet republic to chair the 56-nation organization and it went on to host the first OSCE summit in 11 years, which culminated in a two-day meeting held in Astana in December. Kazakhstan, as OSCE chair, also had a major role in alleviating a violent uprising in neighboring Kyrgyzstan, and brought some largely forgotten conflicts in the former Soviet Union back onto the international agenda.

“We realize that the way to a true Euro-Atlantic and Eurasian community with united and indivisible security will blong and thorny,” said Kazakhstan president Nursultan Nazarbayev. “We intend to raise the level and quality of security and understanding between our states and peoples.”

Kazakhstan’s push for the chairmanship of the OSCE was backed by Germany, Russia and Spain, despite some initial skepticism about the ability of a fledgling democracy of 16 million people in Central Asia to handle the responsibility. By the end of 2010, as Kazakhstan was handing over the chairmanship to Lithuania, there were widespread plaudits for its skillful diplomacy, which came to the fore during the Kyrgyz crisis – a conflict that threatened to descend into civil war.

Kazakhstan – working with the US and Russia – was critical to a negotiated settlement between the then-president Kurmanbek Bakiyev and Roza Otunbyeva, who led the revolt against him and subsequently became president. Kazakhstan also helped to organize the dispatching of a group of unarmed police officers, hailing from across the OSCE, to continue monitoring events on the ground in Kyrgyzstan.

Julie Finley, a former US ambassador to the OSCE who initially opposed Kazakhstan’s bid, said she was impressed with the country’s stepping out as a major player in international affairs. “Kazakhstan has knocked my socks off,” she said at a conference at the Center for Security and International Studies in Washington DC. “It has been open and outgoing in its leadership. It has been centered on what has been going on in Kyrgyzstan. It has been solid and professional from the get-go.”

Kazakhstan held more than 150 events associated with its chairmanship, and the country’s Foreign Minister and OSCE chairperson-in-office Kanat Saudabayev made more than 40 visits to various countries and regions.

The crowning glory of Kazakhstan’s chairmanship was the summit in Astana, the country’s glittering capital. The summit did not reach a final agreement on conflict resolution, an effort that Kazakhstan focused on the so-called frozen conflicts in the former Soviet Union. Before the summit, Chairman Saudabayev had visited the breakaway territories of South Ossetia and Abkhazia in Georgia, as well as the disputed territory of Nagorno-Karabakh between Armenia and Azerbaijan, and the separatist region of Transdniestr in Moldova.

Despite Kazakhstan’s best efforts, the positions of some of the other member states were too intractable to allow for a diplomatic breakthrough. There were stand-offs between the US and Russia over Georgia, and between Armenia and Azerbaijan over Nagorno-Karabakh. Nonetheless, Kazakhstan’s efforts gave new life to the search for peaceful solutions to these protracted and debilitating conflicts. This year, Kazakhstan will build on its leadership role within the OSCE as chair of the body’s Forum for Security Cooperation, which will continue the country’s work on conflict resolution, particularly in the former Soviet Union.

President Nazarbayev also tabled a series of less contentious proposals, such as creating an ecological forum  and a body to help fight transnational crime – items that will form part of the OSCE’s agenda in 2011. Kazakhstan will remain deeply involved in the OSCE’s leadership group as a member of the Troika, which also includes the current chair, Lithuania, and the 2012 chair, Ireland.

President Nazarbayev says Kazakhstan’s chairmanship of the OSCE was a rich experience, not only for the country’s leaders and diplomats, but also for its people. “The OSCE summit in Astana has positively influenced Kazakhstan. It has united our nation, strengthened belief in our ability to resolve incredibly difficult challenges and achieve our highest goals,” he says.

Kazakhstan also focused on security in Afghanistan, and increased its role in assisting the international coalition led by the US. Kazakhstan expanded its post-2001 grant of over-flight rights to include military supplies and personnel, not just non-lethal cargo. And in November, it agreed to send a contingent of troops and instructors to Afghanistan. This year, Kazakhstan is continuing its international leadership role as it assumes the chairmanship of the Ministerial Conference of the 57-member Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC). This position again places the country in a leadership position to help resolve some of the most contentious international debates in the period after the ‘Arab Spring’. As a largely Muslim nation, Kazakhstan will continue to stress – as it did during its OSCE chairmanship – the need for inter-regional and inter-faith dialogue. Therefore, at the OIC Ministerial meeting on June 28-30, 2011, the Organization changed its name to the Organization of Islamic Cooperation. At the meeting, President Nazarbayev shared his vision for the Islamic countries to stay on the path of peace, modernization, scientific and technological development and education. He said that to ensure long-term peace, the Islamic world should learn to confront religious fundamentalism as a political ideology and establish an open and honest dialogue with the West.

Foreign Minister Saudabaev says international cooperation can only succeed through the “constant exchange of ideas” across borders. Indeed, as President Nazarbayev noted at the end of the Astana OSCE summit: “Winston Churchill famously said: ‘To jaw-jaw is always better than to war-war.’”

SOURCE: Invest in Kazakhstan, 2011, p. 43-44

Kazakhstan Concludes Its Mission in OSCE Troika at Vilnius Ministerial 0

Posted on December 18, 2011 by Alex

Astana Calling, Dec 9, 2011

The OSCE Ministerial concluded in Vilnius on December 7, having reviewed the progress achieved by the 56 OSCE participating States over the year of Lithuania’s chairmanship.

“Together we have made progress at the Ministerial Council in providing direction for the OSCE’s future endeavours. The discussions here have also shown how much work there remains to make the vision of a free, democratic, common and indivisible Euro-Atlantic and Eurasian security community a reality,” OSCE Chairperson-in-Office, Lithuanian Foreign Minister Audronius A?ubalis said.

At the Astana OSCE Summit in 2010, the 56 participating states committed to work together to fully realize the vision of a comprehensive, co-operative and indivisible security community in the Euro-Atlantic and Eurasian region, free of dividing lines, conflicts, spheres of influence and zones with different levels of security.

Less than a year later the Forum for Security Co-operation under Kazakhstan’s chairmanship came to a common decision and succeeded in issuing a newly updated version of the 1999 Vienna Document for confidence and security in the military area. This is a strong measure and a major step of the organisation towards building common Euro-Atlantic security on a wide area from Vancouver to Vladivostok.

“The updated 2011 Vienna Document is a major breakthrough and a highlight of this year,” Yerzhan Kazykhanov, Kazakhstan Foreign Minister, said.

Kazakhstan has been working really hard throughout the year to assist their colleagues in its capacity as the FSC chairmanship and the outgoing OSCE Troika member. Kazakhstan stands ready to continue providing their support to forthcoming OSCE chairmanships, Kazykhanov said.

Among others decisions, the OSCE Foreign Ministers took ones on enhancing OSCE’s capabilities in early warning, early action, dialogue facilitation and mediation support, and post-conflict rehabilitation. Decisions were also taken on addressing transnational threats, promoting equal opportunity for women in the economic sphere, strengthening the transport dialogue, the role of the OSCE in facilitating UN Security Council Resolution 1540, dealing with small arms and light weapons and conventional ammunition, and on issues relevant to the Forum for Security Co-operation, reaffirming the participating States’ commitment to the updated Vienna Document, among other things. A declaration on combating all forms of human trafficking was also adopted.

On the sidelines of the conference Foreign Minister Yerzhan Kazykhanov held a series of bilateral meetings.

At the meeting with Lithuanian Foreign Minister Audronius A?ubalis, the parties discussed prospects of cooperation on a bilateral basis, as well as within the OSCE. OSCE Chairperson-in-Office praised Kazakhstan’s contribution to the OSCE’s activities in 2011 as a member of the Troika, and thanked Kazakhstan for its productive chairmanship in the Forum for Security Co-operation and efforts applied to ensure the adoption of an updated Vienna Document.

At the meeting with Eamon Gilmore, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ireland, the ministers discussed bilateral cooperation as well as prospects for cooperation within the OSCE. Gilmore said Ireland, which will take over the OSCE chairmanship on January 1, 2012, draws “great inspiration from Kazakhstan’s chairmanship”. Kazakhstan and Ireland stressed continuing priority of the Central Asia region and Afghanistan for the OSCE.

In light of the topics discussed, despite all the difficulties countries face in different corners of the world, the OSCE continues to provide a unique forum for promoting open dialogue and for maintaining and strengthening trust.

Kazykhanov also met Foreign Minister of Cyprus Erato Kozakou-Marcoullis. They discussed organizing a visit by the Cypriot President to Kazakhstan scheduled for the next year which could give a needed impetus to trade, economic and political cooperation of the two countries. In light of the Cyprus’ forthcoming EU presidency in the second half of 2012, the ministers discussed the prospects of negotiations over a new advanced partnership and cooperation agreement between Kazakhstan and the EU. The ministers also reviewed the preparation process of drafting an agreement on avoidance of double taxation that would lay the foundation for strengthening trade and economic cooperation between Astana and Dublin.

Kazykhanov also met EU Special Representative for Central Asia Pierre Morel, with the two noting the effective implementation of the EU Strategy for Central Asia adopted in 2007. They, too, underscored the importance of signing a new advanced partnership and cooperation agreement.

At another meeting, Kazykhanov and OSCE Secretary General Lamberto Zannier discussed Kazakhstan’s future interaction with the OSCE, and the work of the OSCE Centre in Astana. They also brought up an opportunity of setting up an OSCE institute for security studies in Astana.

At a meeting with OSCE Parliamentary Assembly President Petros Eftimiou, Kazykhanov thanked the OSCE PA for the support rendered to Kazakhstan during its chairmanship in 2010. The sides also discussed the preparation process for the upcoming parliamentary election in Kazakhstan that will be observed, among others, by an OSCE PA mission led by OSCE PA Honorary President Joao Soares of Portugal.

As reported earlier, Kazykhanov also met Janez Lenarcic, Director of the OSCE’s Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights who said the OSCE/ODIHR observation mission will be led by Miklos Harasti, the former OSCE representative on the freedom of the media.

SOURCE: http://www.kazakhembus.com/index.php?mact=News,cntnt01,detail,0&cntnt01articleid=809&cntnt01origid=90&cntnt01category_id=6&cntnt01returnid=90

OSCE promotes green economy principles in Kazakhstan 0

Posted on December 02, 2011 by Alex

Gazeta, Nov 25, 2011

The workshop was organized by the OSCE Centre in Astana, the Ministry of Environmental Protection, the British Embassy and the London-based International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), and included the participation of a representative from the Office of the Co-ordinator of the OSCE Economic and Environmental Activities. The goal of the workshop is to assist the Government of Kazakhstan in implementing green economy principles, particularly in the run up to World Summit on Sustainable Development (“Rio plus 20”), which is to be held in Rio de Janeiro in 2012, the press service of the OSCE Centre in Astana reports.

Some 50 sustainable development professionals from government, the private sector, non-governmental and international organizations are participating in the workshop. They will exchange experience and good practices on how to encourage green growth while minimizing the depletion of non-renewable natural resources and maximizing economic opportunities for an oil-exporting country.

“It is very important to create incentives for businesses to invest in energy efficient and low-carbon technologies in order to attain green growth targets and to embark on a sustainable development path,” said Stefan Buchmayer, the OSCE Centre in Astana’s Human Rights Officer. “We call for broad stakeholder participation in the deliberations on these issues, as they will help enrich the democratic decision-making process and contribute to Kazakhstan’s environmentally sound development.”

Ruslan Bultrikov, the Vice-Minister of Environmental Protection said: “The introduction of alternative technologies and instruments for a green economy is an imperative for the industrial policy of countries worldwide in the coming decades. In this regard we hope to receive from you concrete recommendations for our strategic activities, as well as for the economic, financial, managerial and legal mechanisms for the implementation of the Green Bridge Programme. These recommendations will be a significant contribution to the preparations for the World Summit on Sustainable Development which will be held in Brazil in 2012.”

David Moran, the Ambassador of the British Embassy in Astana, said: “If I could only make one point here, it would be that sustainable growth requires effective measures to combat climate change. A rapid global transition to a low-carbon economy is essential for the prosperity of all countries. And for those who move earlier, there are financial rewards.”

The workshop is expected to result in new partnerships and additional support for the working group developing the Astana Green Bridge Partnership Programme, Kazakhstan’s contribution to Rio plus 20.

SOURCE: http://www.kazakhembus.com/index.php?mact=News,cntnt01,detail,0&cntnt01articleid=804&cntnt01origid=15&cntnt01returnid=201

Kazakhstan, EU review progress in cooperation, outline future plans 0

Posted on November 30, 2011 by Alex

Gazeta, Nov 28, 2011

In the past twenty years, Kazakhstan has developed an extended partnership with the European Union through bilateral cooperation with its many countries in a variety of fields and with the help of state-sponsored projects such as a three-year programme called “Path to Europe.”

Kazakhstan and Germany reached high level of trust, openness and mutual understanding, and share similar positions on current international issues – Y. Kazykhanov

Kazakhstan’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs organized an international conference on November 24 in Astana to discuss the results of this Programme that has run since 2009, summarise the Kazakhstan – EU cooperation, and identify new aspects of future interaction, the Kazakh MFA’s press service informs.

The conference gathered more than 150 participants, including Chairman of Kazakhstan’s Constitutional Council Igor Rogov and France’s ex-Foreign Minister and former President of the Constitutional Council Roland Dumas, both of whom participated in the development of Kazakhstan’s Constitution of 1995. Among other attendees were heads of relevant state bodies of Kazakhstan, ambassadors of a number of European countries, as well as experts and guests from the EU and the OSCE member states.

The “Path to Europe” Programme is one of the successfully implemented initiatives put forward by President Nursultan Nazarbayev in recent years, Kazakhstan’s Foreign Minister Yerzhan Kazykhanov said in his opening speech at the conference.

“As a result of this Programme, the European Union has firmly established its position as Kazakhstan’s leading trade and investment partner. Today, the EU accounts for 50 percent of Kazakhstan’s foreign trade and one third of investments. The trade turnover between Kazakhstan and the EU in the first half of 2011 amounted to US$ 25.4 billion (for comparison, the figure for the same period in 2010 equalled US$ 18.6 billion),” Kazykhanov said.

From 1993 to 2010, gross inflow of direct investment from EU countries into Kazakhstan’s economy, according to the minister, amounted to more than US$ 52 billion, including more than US$ 10 billion in 2010.

Over the past three years, Kazakhstan concluded treaties on strategic partnership with France, Italy, Spain, and Turkey. The intergovernmental Action Plan within the Partnership for the Future has also been signed with Germany. The European states continue to contribute to the implementation of Kazakhstan’s Programme for Accelerated Industrial and Innovative Development (PAIID) 2010-2014. Kazykhanov highlighted other important areas of collaboration between Kazakhstan and the EU such as security issues, cooperation on Afghanistan, and practical dialogue within international organizations, including NATO.

“The vivid evidence of the successful implementation of the “Path to Europe” Programme is the development of a new agreement on enhanced partnership and cooperation between Kazakhstan and the EU. Kazakhstan and the EU aim to sign a comprehensive document oriented toward long-term goals of our collaboration,” Kazykhanov said. Another important work ahead is the transition to a simplified regime for travelling between the two sides, the minister said.

Kazykhanov underscored his country’s interest in further implementation of the EU Strategy for Central Asia and commitment to maintain political dialogue at the highest level.

Roland Dumas, the guest of honour at the conference said that in many ways Kazakhstan is a part of Europe. “I notice a special identity of your country in every discussion that takes place in Paris and other European capitals,” he said. “I have already decided that Kazakhstan’s place is in Europe, and I am more than convinced of that today. Your geographical location, your roots, your Constitution, all of these show that Kazakhstan has a place in the European region,” Dumas added.

Kazakhstan’s Chairman of the Constitutional Council Igor Rogov highlighted the importance of the country’s main law especially during the early years of statehood. Speaking of the political and legal aspects of Kazakhstan’s partnership with the European Union and the Council of Europe, Rogov said the European experience is significant for Kazakhstan in its efforts to improve the institutional legal base.

In his statement, EU Ambassador to Kazakhstan Norbert Jousten went over the important milestones in the relationship between the EU and Kazakhstan. On the basis of the EU Strategy in Central Asia, the two sides have moved to a qualitatively new level of both bilateral and regional cooperation, he said. Our main goal is to expand and deepen areas of collaboration, Jousten added.

Ambassadors of France, Italy, Spain, Germany, the United Kingdom, and Turkey shared their experiences in the practical implementation of the treaties on strategic partnership and inter-governmental programmes on cooperation with Kazakhstan.

The attendees also discussed other areas of cooperation between Kazakhstan and the EU such as the inter-parliamentary dialogue, collaboration in human dimension, as well as cooperation in education, trade and economy, and energy. The second part of the Conference was devoted to issues of security and cooperation in the OSCE area.

SOURCE: http://www.kazakhembus.com/index.php?mact=News,cntnt01,detail,0&cntnt01articleid=804&cntnt01origid=15&cntnt01returnid=201

OSCE Centre in Astana promotes customs risk management 0

Posted on November 02, 2011 by Alex

OSCE Press Release

ASTANA, 24 October 2011 – A three-day workshop on risk management for the customs administrations of CIS countries began in Astana today.

The event was organized by the OSCE Centre in Astana in co-operation with the World Customs Organization (WCO), the European Union’s Border Management Programme in Central Asia (BOMCA) and Kazakhstan’s Customs Control Committee.

The workshop will raise awareness of Customs Risk Management (CRM) principles and mechanisms, which aim to optimize customs control operations, reduce the bureaucratic burden and facilitate international trade exchanges. Workshop participants will enhance regional co-operation by defining common approaches to CRM, and facilitating the introduction of a common professional language and methodologies by the different customs administrations, as prescribed by key WCO documents and decisions.

“Although progress has been achieved, there is a need to further implement consolidated measures to improve customs procedures and bring them in compliance with international standards,” said Ambassador Alexandre Keltchewsky, the Head of the OSCE Centre in Astana, n his message to the participants. “The continued reliance on traditional procedures of documentation and total customs control and a lack of interaction and co-operation between customs services in the region remain the main impediments for harmonization of customs procedures.”

“Kazakhstan is a transit country for goods, and its priority is to increase these flows. This can not be accomplished without modern customs procedures that make use of risk management tools. I hope that today’s workshop will contribute to increased co-operation and more effective risk management for the CIS countries’ customs administrations,” said Nurzhan Ashikhanov, the Deputy-Chairman of the Kazakh Customs Control Committee.

Some 50 professionals from the customs administrations of Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan as well as international experts are taking part in the workshop.

The workshop is designed for managers overseeing port operations and border control posts, as well as for other senior managers responsible for risk management programmes and risk assessment. The new OSCE-UNECE publication on Best Practices at Border Crossings: a Trade and Transport Facilitation

Perspective will be presented to the participants.

For PDF attachments or links to sources of further information, please visit:

http://www.osce.org/astana/84286

For further information contact:

Andrew Offenbacher

Political Officer

OSCE Centre in Astana

10 Beibitshilik Street

010000 Astana

Kazakhstan

Office: +7 7172 580070

Fax: +7 7172 328304

SOURCE: http://www.kazakhembus.com/index.php?mact=News,cntnt01,detail,0&cntnt01articleid=784&cntnt01origid=15&cntnt01returnid=201

Kazakhstan to Host Workshop on Implementing Security Council Resolution 1540 (2004) in Astana, 27 to 29 September 0

Posted on October 09, 2011 by Alex

Iewy News

NEW YORK (Office for Disarmament Affairs) — A regional workshop on implementing United Nations Security Council resolution 1540 (2004) will be held from 27 to 29 September in Astana, Kazakhstan. Officials from Central Asian States (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan), as well as representatives from several international, regional and subregional organizations have been invited to participate in the workshop. Hosted by the Government of Kazakhstan, the workshop is co-organized by the United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs and the Conflict Prevention Centre of the Secretariat of Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), and with financial support from the Governments of Norway and the United States.

Consistent with the objectives of resolution 1540 (2004), the workshop aims to enhance national border and export control capacities, and to improve information- and experience-sharing between the participating countries. The workshop is also expected to facilitate technical assistance related to the resolution’s implementation.

Acting under Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter, the Security Council unanimously adopted resolution 1540 (2004) on 28 April 2004 obliging all States to refrain from providing any form of support to non-State actors that attempt to develop, acquire, manufacture, possess, transport, transfer or use nuclear, chemical or biological weapons and their means of delivery. Under the resolution, all States are to establish domestic controls to prevent the proliferation of these weapons of mass destruction and their means of delivery, including by establishing appropriate controls over related materials. Resolution 1540 (2004) established a Committee of the Security Council, as its subsidiary body, to report to the Council on the implementation of the resolution. On 20 April 2011, the Security Council adopted resolution 1977 (2011), which extended the Committee’s mandate until 2021.

The workshop in Astana is the eighth regional workshop organized by the Office for Disarmament Affairs on the implementation of resolution 1540 (2004) since 2008. The seven previous workshops were held in Brazil (November 2008) for MERCOSUR (Southern Common Market) States; in Qatar (March 2009) for Arab States; in Vanuatu (April-May 2009) for Pacific Island States; in Costa Rica (September 2009) for Central American States; in Egypt (December 2009) for African States; in Croatia (June 2010) for South-East European States; and in Viet Nam (September-October 2010) for South-East Asian States.

For further information, contact Gabriele Kraatz-Wadsack, tel: +1 212 963 3633.

SOURCE: http://www.kazakhembus.com/index.php?mact=News,cntnt01,detail,0&cntnt01articleid=782&cntnt01origid=15&cntnt01returnid=201

Nazarbayev Addresses GA, Says Kazakhstan Followed Spirit, Letter of UN 0

Posted on September 28, 2011 by Alex

President Nursultan Nazarbayev visited New York on September 20 through 22 for the UN General Assembly (UNGA) debates, a unique forum for the international community to address global issues.

In his speech to the UNGA’s general debates, President Nazarbayev summarised some of the major achievements his country had made over the past twenty years of its independence. Among others are the historic closure of the Semipalatinsk nuclear test site and convening of the Conference on Interaction and Confidence-Building in Asia (CICA), a multilateral security dialogue of 22 countries representing world’s half population. Last year, Kazakhstan became the first post-Soviet country to assume the chairmanship of the OSCE. Its yearlong stint culminated in a historic summit, first since 1999.

This year Kazakhstan chairs the Council of Foreign Ministers of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation. Kazakhstan furthers all efforts to strengthen international and regional security, promote dialogue between the Islamic world and the West, counter Islamophobia and enhance nonproliferation regime, Nazarbayev said in his address.

The Kazakh leader called upon the world leaders to draft a Universal Declaration of Nuclear-Free World. He called the situation when some countries are allowed to have and perfect their nuclear weapons while others are prohibited even to develop one paradoxical. He urged the de-facto nuclear states to refrain from their ambitions and join comprehensive treaties.

Speaking of the global recession, Nazarbayev stressed the need to change the paradigm the United Nations works in the economic sphere. Forecast and elimination of reasons of world crises should be the major work of international financial institutions, Nazarbayev added. An effective mechanism of global economic management with clear-cut rules and norms of responsibilities of all parties, the introduction of a world reserve currency, and strict control of speculative capital are needed.

A global pact on information and cybersecurity is vital to deter the increasingly frequent attacks by hackers against governments, businesses and other institutions, said the President. He also underlined the need for what he called an international legal framework of the global information space.

Nazarbayev said the emergence of a new world order is accompanied by the growth of conflicts. He told that it was worrying that world’s total arms expenditures are growing twice faster than during the Cold War, or 6 per cent per annum. He repeated the urgency to set up a UN Fund of Peacekeeping Efforts, a proposal he put forward 19 years ago. To this end, every country would contribute 1 per cent of its military budget.

He called upon UN’s closer cooperation with regional organisations such as CICA, SCO and CSTO in the Eurasian region.

The Kazakh President confirmed his country’s support for a Palestinian State, as without an independent Palestine, peace in the Middle East is impossible.

He underlined that only trust and unity could be the foundation of a new and fair world order.

On the sidelines of UNGA, the Kazakh leader held a number of bilateral meetings with presidents of Austria, Cyprus, European Council, Finland, Georgia, Latvia, Poland, Republic of Korea, Slovenia, Ukraine, and USA, prime ministers of Turkey and UK, and United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-moon.

The following day, President Nazarbayev delivered a keynote speech at the High-Level Meeting on Nuclear Safety and Security on the margins of the UN General Assembly’s sixty-sixth session. The meeting focused on strengthening the global nuclear safety regime and ensuring maximum nuclear safety standards.

In his speech, President described nuclear security as triune whole, consisting of protecting humankind from nuclear weapons, countering potential nuclear terrorism, and ensuring safety of atomic energy. He called for improvement of planetary management mechanisms in nuclear energy development. According to Nazarbayev, “unified, strict and internationally recognised standards and criteria to ensure safety of nuclear energy sites are needed’. He also underlined the importance that the world community be immediately informed of any minor incidents at any nuclear sites. And while the global radiophobia is growing it is of paramount importance to strengthen public trust of nuclear energy on the basis of true and realistic information, he added.

He also thanked the UNGA for declaring August 29, the day of closing the Semipalatinsk test site, the International Day of Actions against Nuclear Tests.

The leader of Kazakhstan also reaffirmed his country’s readiness to host the IAEA’s Low Enriched Uranium bank.

On the sidelines of the UNGA sixty-sixth session, Kazakh Foreign Minister Yerzhan Kazykhanov attended the Ministerial Meeting “The New Silk Way”. As the current chair of the OIC CFM, he also participated in an Organization of Islamic Cooperation – European Union meeting as well as the OSCE Ministerial Troika meeting. He also held talks with its Chairman-in-Office Audronius Azubalis. He met separately with First-Vice-President of the European Commission and EU High Representative for Foreign and Security Affairs Catherine Ashton, Iranian Foreign Minister Ali Akbar Salehi and UNDP Administrator Helen Clark.

SOURCE: http://www.kazakhembus.com/index.php?mact=News,cntnt01,detail,0&cntnt01articleid=780&cntnt01origid=15&cntnt01returnid=201

 

 

UN Director-General, addressing OSCE States, emphasizes co-operation on transnational threats, conflict prevention 0

Posted on September 13, 2011 by Alex

OSCE Press Release

VIENNA, 7 September 2011 – Joint efforts are needed to combat terrorism and other transnational threats as well as to promote peace and respect for human rights, said Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, the Director-General of the United Nations Office at Geneva, in an address to OSCE participating States in Vienna today.

“We share with the OSCE a broad understanding of the concept of security,” he said, addressing a joint meeting of the OSCE Permanent Council and Forum for Security Co-operation. “Emerging challenges such as cyber attacks, transnational crime, terrorism, illicit trafficking in small arms and light weapons, drugs and human beings and energy security – among others – continue to broaden the concept.”

Speaking ahead of the tenth anniversary of the 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks in the US, he said: “More than any other event over the past decade, these terrorist attacks transformed our world. Less than two weeks ago, the United Nations House in the Nigerian capital of Abuja was the subject of a car bomb attack that took the lives of 23 people. It was a stark reminder that terrorism remains a potent force, also in areas where we may not expect it.”

“Regional organizations have a role to play in helping countries develop capacity. Here, the anti-terrorism work of the OSCE – with facilitation of implementation of international legal instruments, strengthened border management and organization of contacts between anti-terrorism practitioners – has produced good results.”

He also highlighted the two organizations’ efforts to deal with the crisis in Kyrgyzstan last year and combined mediation efforts in the South Caucasus, saying that “the best guarantee of global security is conflict prevention.”

Speaking about the value of OSCE support in North Africa and the Middle East he said: “The experience of regional organizations, also beyond the immediate regional context, is of value. The OSCE’s knowledge in facilitating political dialogue, building accountable institutions, advancing the rule of law, monitoring electoral processes, promoting national reconciliation and protecting human rights can provide practical tools for the international response.”

Tokayev also discussed UN-OSCE co-operation to promote peace, fundamental freedoms and human rights, sustainable development, and arms control, disarmament and non-proliferation, as outlined by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon at the OSCE Summit in Astana last December.

The Permanent Council and the Forum for Security Co-operation are two of the OSCE’s main, regular decision-making bodies. They meet weekly in Vienna to discuss developments and make decisions. The Forum focuses on military aspects of security in the OSCE area, in particular confidence- and security building measures.

SOURCE: http://www.kazakhembus.com/index.php?mact=News,cntnt01,detail,0&cntnt01articleid=776&cntnt01origid=15&cntnt01returnid=201

Kazakhstan Daily News Roundup – September 6, 2011 0

Posted on September 06, 2011 by Alex



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