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Nazarbayev Addresses GA, Says Kazakhstan Followed Spirit, Letter of UN 0

Posted on September 28, 2011 by Alex

President Nursultan Nazarbayev visited New York on September 20 through 22 for the UN General Assembly (UNGA) debates, a unique forum for the international community to address global issues.

In his speech to the UNGA’s general debates, President Nazarbayev summarised some of the major achievements his country had made over the past twenty years of its independence. Among others are the historic closure of the Semipalatinsk nuclear test site and convening of the Conference on Interaction and Confidence-Building in Asia (CICA), a multilateral security dialogue of 22 countries representing world’s half population. Last year, Kazakhstan became the first post-Soviet country to assume the chairmanship of the OSCE. Its yearlong stint culminated in a historic summit, first since 1999.

This year Kazakhstan chairs the Council of Foreign Ministers of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation. Kazakhstan furthers all efforts to strengthen international and regional security, promote dialogue between the Islamic world and the West, counter Islamophobia and enhance nonproliferation regime, Nazarbayev said in his address.

The Kazakh leader called upon the world leaders to draft a Universal Declaration of Nuclear-Free World. He called the situation when some countries are allowed to have and perfect their nuclear weapons while others are prohibited even to develop one paradoxical. He urged the de-facto nuclear states to refrain from their ambitions and join comprehensive treaties.

Speaking of the global recession, Nazarbayev stressed the need to change the paradigm the United Nations works in the economic sphere. Forecast and elimination of reasons of world crises should be the major work of international financial institutions, Nazarbayev added. An effective mechanism of global economic management with clear-cut rules and norms of responsibilities of all parties, the introduction of a world reserve currency, and strict control of speculative capital are needed.

A global pact on information and cybersecurity is vital to deter the increasingly frequent attacks by hackers against governments, businesses and other institutions, said the President. He also underlined the need for what he called an international legal framework of the global information space.

Nazarbayev said the emergence of a new world order is accompanied by the growth of conflicts. He told that it was worrying that world’s total arms expenditures are growing twice faster than during the Cold War, or 6 per cent per annum. He repeated the urgency to set up a UN Fund of Peacekeeping Efforts, a proposal he put forward 19 years ago. To this end, every country would contribute 1 per cent of its military budget.

He called upon UN’s closer cooperation with regional organisations such as CICA, SCO and CSTO in the Eurasian region.

The Kazakh President confirmed his country’s support for a Palestinian State, as without an independent Palestine, peace in the Middle East is impossible.

He underlined that only trust and unity could be the foundation of a new and fair world order.

On the sidelines of UNGA, the Kazakh leader held a number of bilateral meetings with presidents of Austria, Cyprus, European Council, Finland, Georgia, Latvia, Poland, Republic of Korea, Slovenia, Ukraine, and USA, prime ministers of Turkey and UK, and United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-moon.

The following day, President Nazarbayev delivered a keynote speech at the High-Level Meeting on Nuclear Safety and Security on the margins of the UN General Assembly’s sixty-sixth session. The meeting focused on strengthening the global nuclear safety regime and ensuring maximum nuclear safety standards.

In his speech, President described nuclear security as triune whole, consisting of protecting humankind from nuclear weapons, countering potential nuclear terrorism, and ensuring safety of atomic energy. He called for improvement of planetary management mechanisms in nuclear energy development. According to Nazarbayev, “unified, strict and internationally recognised standards and criteria to ensure safety of nuclear energy sites are needed’. He also underlined the importance that the world community be immediately informed of any minor incidents at any nuclear sites. And while the global radiophobia is growing it is of paramount importance to strengthen public trust of nuclear energy on the basis of true and realistic information, he added.

He also thanked the UNGA for declaring August 29, the day of closing the Semipalatinsk test site, the International Day of Actions against Nuclear Tests.

The leader of Kazakhstan also reaffirmed his country’s readiness to host the IAEA’s Low Enriched Uranium bank.

On the sidelines of the UNGA sixty-sixth session, Kazakh Foreign Minister Yerzhan Kazykhanov attended the Ministerial Meeting “The New Silk Way”. As the current chair of the OIC CFM, he also participated in an Organization of Islamic Cooperation – European Union meeting as well as the OSCE Ministerial Troika meeting. He also held talks with its Chairman-in-Office Audronius Azubalis. He met separately with First-Vice-President of the European Commission and EU High Representative for Foreign and Security Affairs Catherine Ashton, Iranian Foreign Minister Ali Akbar Salehi and UNDP Administrator Helen Clark.

SOURCE: http://www.kazakhembus.com/index.php?mact=News,cntnt01,detail,0&cntnt01articleid=780&cntnt01origid=15&cntnt01returnid=201

 

 

CSTO Member States Leaders Gather Informally in Astana 0

Posted on August 19, 2011 by Alex

On August 12, 2011 Astana held an informal summit of the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) to discuss the pressing issues concerning the current international security situation and developments in the zone of CSTO’s responsibility. The heads of states exchanged their opinions on global and regional threats to security and stability of the CSTO member states following the ongoing complex events in the Middle East and North Africa.

 

The informal meeting agenda included the examination of other matters such as the CSTO mechanisms in the field of ensuring security in Central Asia as well as the implementation progress of the initiatives proposed by Belarus (the country that currently holds the rotating presidency of the organization) which are aimed at the further development of the Organization. Opening the meeting, host nation President Nursultan Nazarbayev of Kazakhstan welcomed his counterparts from Armenia, Belarus, Kyrgyzstan, Russia and Tajikistan. The President of Uzbekistan, the other CSTO member, did not attend the Summit.

 

“This kind of informal gathering provides a good opportunity to discuss in the casual and relaxed atmosphere the matters of our cooperation and exchange views on the following issues: the global and regional risks to the security of the CSTO member states connected with the recent events in the world and the region as well as the improvement of the CSTO’s efficiency in sorting out issues arising among member states,” Nazarbayev said. He touched on other items to be discussed during the closed-door session including,  “the upcoming withdrawal of US troops from Afghanistan and natural and man-made disasters in the area of the organization’s responsibility.” Among the main challenges to the CSTO Nazarbayev also emphasized “a significant expansion of international terrorism, illegal arms and drugs traffic and a large set of issues that emerges in the field of cyber-security.”

 

Following the closed-door meeting, President of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko held a press conference where he spoke about the main points of the leaders’ discussion. According to Lukashenko, the main outcome was the common desire to strengthen the role of the Organization. Speaking of the recently adopted documents, he advocated for their ratification during the formal meetings this December. The Belarusian President also stated that the Organization will take countermeasures against the possible threats in the information space.

 

Today’s meeting was the fifth one in the history of the Organization. The beginning of the tradition to hold such high-level informal gatherings was set by Kazakhstan in December of 2008, continued by Kyrgyzstan in August, 2009, Russia in May 2010, and Armenia in August of 2010. On August 10, CSTO Secretary General Nicolay Bordyuzha held meetings with Kazakh President’s Assistant and Security Council Secretary Marat Tazhin as well as Kazakh Minister of Foreign Affairs Yerzhan Kazykhanov to discuss a wide range of issues regarding the ongoing political and military cooperation of CSTO member states as well as the preparation for the informal Summit.

 

Following the Summit, CSTO Secretary General Bordyuzha said that the Islamist-minded organizations included in a special list of about 34 terrorist organizations have recently intensified their activity in Central Asia. These groups, he said, “are supported… with financial aid from Afghanistan and other countries. We have information that several hundred people from Kyrgyzstan have crossed the border (with Afghanistan) and, at present, are being trained in one of these camps. It is no secret that afterwards, they return home to conduct terrorist attacks there.” Bordyuzha promised that the CSTO will take measures to counteract this phenomenon.

 

The Collective Security Treaty Organization is an intergovernmental military alliance which has grown out of the signing of the Collective Security Treaty on May 15, 1992. A decade later, on October 7, 2002, the Presidents of Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia and Tajikistan signed a Charter in Tashkent founding the CSTO. On 23 June 2006, Uzbekistan became a full participant in the CSTO. The CSTO has the status of an observer organization at the United Nations General Assembly.

SOURCE: http://www.kazakhembus.com/index.php?mact=News,cntnt01,detail,0&cntnt01articleid=759&cntnt01origid=90&cntnt01category_id=6&cntnt01returnid=90

 

CSTO Meet on Internal Threats 0

Posted on August 19, 2011 by Alex

Vladimir Radyuhin, Hindu, August 14, 2011

Concerned about the impact of the Arab Spring, the leaders of the Russia-led defence pact of former Soviet states have agreed to jointly ward off threats to their regimes.

An informal summit of the Collective Security Treaty Organisation (CSTO) held in Astana, capital of Kazakhstan, on Friday approved a set of measures to protect the member-states against internal turmoil. “We have many new areas of work prompted by recent events in the world, including the Arab arc and North Africa,” said Belarus President Alexander Lukashenka, rotating president of CSTO. “We have agreed to work out jointly measures to counter possible threats, above in the information field and cyberspace,” he said, apparently referring to the role of Twitter and Facebook in the popular revolts that shook Egypt and other Arab countries earlier this year.

A brief announcement on the Kremlin website confirmed that the situation in West Asia and North Africa, as well as in Afghanistan, dominated discussions at the Astana summit.

The summit was attended by the leaders of six out of seven members of the CSTO — Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia and Tajikistan. Uzbekistan’s President Islam Karimov, who pulled out of the security pact in 1999 and re-joined it in 2006, stayed away from the summit, as also from most other regional gatherings in recent years.

The summit participants also decided to strengthen the military arm of their security pact — the rapid reaction forces, which are yet to become operational two years after the decision to establish them was adopted.

“We are determined to complete the process of manning and arming of the Collective Rapid Response Forces [by the yearend],” Mr. Lukashenka told a post-summit press conference.

SOURCE: http://www.kazakhembus.com/index.php?mact=News,cntnt01,detail,0&cntnt01articleid=760&cntnt01origid=90&cntnt01category_id=6&cntnt01returnid=90

 



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