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Kazakhstan-UN cooperation set to expand 0

Posted on November 04, 2011 by Alex

Gazeta, Oct 24, 2011

On October 24, Kazakhstan’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs held a roundtable devoted to the United Nations Day and the 20th anniversary of Kazakhstan’s independence, which gathered representatives of state bodies, the diplomatic corps and the UN agencies.

Foreign Minister Yerzhan Kazykhanov of Kazakhstan and the UN Resident Coordinator in Kazakhstan Stephen Tull addressed the participants, the Kazakh MFA reports.

In his speech Kazykhanov noted that Kazakhstan became the UN member on 2 March 1992 at the 46th Session of the General Assembly of the United Nations under the Resolution 46/224, passed unanimously.

The Kazakh Foreign Minister emphasized that the event was of great political importance for the country and quoted President Nursultan Nazarbayev as saying: “The significance of this fact is invaluable: we not only reaffirmed the commitment to the fundamental principles of the international law, but also came under the protection of the most authoritative international organization, which has accepted the major task of ensuring security in the world.”

Over the years of its UN membership, Kazakhstan has successfully integrated into the international community. Most of Kazakhstan’s international initiatives, which are now being successfully implemented, have been put forward from the UN rostrum.

Suffice it to mention the following ones: convening of the Conference on Interaction and Confidence-Building Measures in Asia (CICA), launch of the UN Special Programme for the Economies of Central Asia (SPECA), and proclamation of 29 August as the International Day of Actions against Nuclear Tests.

According to Minister Kazykhanov, since joining the Organization, Kazakhstan has actively participated in all of its main events and hosted some of the major international fora under its auspices. The most recent ones are the 18th Session of the General Assembly of the World Tourism Organization (October 2009), the 6th Ministerial Conference on Environment and Development in Asia and the Pacific (September 2010), the 7th Pan-European Ministerial Conference “Environment for Europe” (September 2011).

Speaking of Kazakhstan’s role in the field of disarmament Kazykhanov particularly noted that the UN widely recognizes the country’s contribution to strengthening the nuclear non-proliferation regime.

“It is symbolic that the recent International Forum for Nuclear-Free World held in Astana and Semey on October 12-13 was dedicated to the 20th anniversary of the closing of the Semipalatinsk test site. Such results were achieved due to the peaceful policy implemented by the President of Kazakhstan since the early days of independence”, Kazykhanov said.

Kazakhstan is the member of almost all UN specialized agencies, three UN Functional Commissions on Population and Development, on Narcotic Drugs, and Sustainable Development, two UN Regional Commissions (ECE and ESCAP), as well as the member of the UNEP Governing Council, and Executive Boards of the UNICEF, UNESCO, the UN3-Women, the Committee for Programme and Coordination, the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (COPUOS).

In his speech Kazykhanov noted that Kazakhstan attaches great importance to cooperation with the UN to protect and promote human rights. “Our country has successfully passed the procedure of the Universal Periodic Review, and submitted the National Reports on Implementation of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights,” the Kazakh Foreign Minister said.

Kazakhstan is committed to its obligations for timely and effective achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), where the country has already accomplished a number of tasks.

Astana has started the implementation of the MDGs Plus agenda, which provides for higher rates and indicators. The priority issues for the country are the reduction of poverty and unemployment, maternal and child mortality, achievement of sustainable development, improvement of the environment, prevention of HIV/AIDS and support of gender equality.

He also added that the cooperation between Kazakhstan and the UN in the field of ecology is steadily growing, in particular, in climate protection, prevention of desertification and trans-boundary air pollution, biodiversity preservation and protection of the marine environment of the Caspian Sea.

In his address, Kazykhanov stressed that Kazakhstan intends to continue its active participation in all aspects of the UN’s activities. In this context, he stressed that the country’s achievements and its successful interaction with the UN have enabled it to plan the establishment of the KazAid Agency. Kazakhstan is also promoting the idea of turning Almaty into a hub of multilateral diplomacy under the UN auspices and establishing there a UN Regional Centre for Multilateral Cooperation.

In his opening speech, UN Resident Coordinator in Kazakhstan Stephen Tull noted the milestones of 20 years of fruitful cooperation between Kazakhstan and the UN, and also defined further prospects of interaction.

The roundtable held substantive discussions on Kazakhstan’s sustainable development, including its basic aspects, such as economic development, healthcare and environment protection, energy conservation and efficiency, as well as gender equality.

SOURCE: http://www.kazakhembus.com/index.php?mact=News,cntnt01,detail,0&cntnt01articleid=786&cntnt01origid=15&cntnt01returnid=201

Nazarbayev Addresses GA, Says Kazakhstan Followed Spirit, Letter of UN 0

Posted on September 28, 2011 by Alex

President Nursultan Nazarbayev visited New York on September 20 through 22 for the UN General Assembly (UNGA) debates, a unique forum for the international community to address global issues.

In his speech to the UNGA’s general debates, President Nazarbayev summarised some of the major achievements his country had made over the past twenty years of its independence. Among others are the historic closure of the Semipalatinsk nuclear test site and convening of the Conference on Interaction and Confidence-Building in Asia (CICA), a multilateral security dialogue of 22 countries representing world’s half population. Last year, Kazakhstan became the first post-Soviet country to assume the chairmanship of the OSCE. Its yearlong stint culminated in a historic summit, first since 1999.

This year Kazakhstan chairs the Council of Foreign Ministers of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation. Kazakhstan furthers all efforts to strengthen international and regional security, promote dialogue between the Islamic world and the West, counter Islamophobia and enhance nonproliferation regime, Nazarbayev said in his address.

The Kazakh leader called upon the world leaders to draft a Universal Declaration of Nuclear-Free World. He called the situation when some countries are allowed to have and perfect their nuclear weapons while others are prohibited even to develop one paradoxical. He urged the de-facto nuclear states to refrain from their ambitions and join comprehensive treaties.

Speaking of the global recession, Nazarbayev stressed the need to change the paradigm the United Nations works in the economic sphere. Forecast and elimination of reasons of world crises should be the major work of international financial institutions, Nazarbayev added. An effective mechanism of global economic management with clear-cut rules and norms of responsibilities of all parties, the introduction of a world reserve currency, and strict control of speculative capital are needed.

A global pact on information and cybersecurity is vital to deter the increasingly frequent attacks by hackers against governments, businesses and other institutions, said the President. He also underlined the need for what he called an international legal framework of the global information space.

Nazarbayev said the emergence of a new world order is accompanied by the growth of conflicts. He told that it was worrying that world’s total arms expenditures are growing twice faster than during the Cold War, or 6 per cent per annum. He repeated the urgency to set up a UN Fund of Peacekeeping Efforts, a proposal he put forward 19 years ago. To this end, every country would contribute 1 per cent of its military budget.

He called upon UN’s closer cooperation with regional organisations such as CICA, SCO and CSTO in the Eurasian region.

The Kazakh President confirmed his country’s support for a Palestinian State, as without an independent Palestine, peace in the Middle East is impossible.

He underlined that only trust and unity could be the foundation of a new and fair world order.

On the sidelines of UNGA, the Kazakh leader held a number of bilateral meetings with presidents of Austria, Cyprus, European Council, Finland, Georgia, Latvia, Poland, Republic of Korea, Slovenia, Ukraine, and USA, prime ministers of Turkey and UK, and United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-moon.

The following day, President Nazarbayev delivered a keynote speech at the High-Level Meeting on Nuclear Safety and Security on the margins of the UN General Assembly’s sixty-sixth session. The meeting focused on strengthening the global nuclear safety regime and ensuring maximum nuclear safety standards.

In his speech, President described nuclear security as triune whole, consisting of protecting humankind from nuclear weapons, countering potential nuclear terrorism, and ensuring safety of atomic energy. He called for improvement of planetary management mechanisms in nuclear energy development. According to Nazarbayev, “unified, strict and internationally recognised standards and criteria to ensure safety of nuclear energy sites are needed’. He also underlined the importance that the world community be immediately informed of any minor incidents at any nuclear sites. And while the global radiophobia is growing it is of paramount importance to strengthen public trust of nuclear energy on the basis of true and realistic information, he added.

He also thanked the UNGA for declaring August 29, the day of closing the Semipalatinsk test site, the International Day of Actions against Nuclear Tests.

The leader of Kazakhstan also reaffirmed his country’s readiness to host the IAEA’s Low Enriched Uranium bank.

On the sidelines of the UNGA sixty-sixth session, Kazakh Foreign Minister Yerzhan Kazykhanov attended the Ministerial Meeting “The New Silk Way”. As the current chair of the OIC CFM, he also participated in an Organization of Islamic Cooperation – European Union meeting as well as the OSCE Ministerial Troika meeting. He also held talks with its Chairman-in-Office Audronius Azubalis. He met separately with First-Vice-President of the European Commission and EU High Representative for Foreign and Security Affairs Catherine Ashton, Iranian Foreign Minister Ali Akbar Salehi and UNDP Administrator Helen Clark.

SOURCE: http://www.kazakhembus.com/index.php?mact=News,cntnt01,detail,0&cntnt01articleid=780&cntnt01origid=15&cntnt01returnid=201

 

 



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